Bed sores are also known as pressure sores, pressure ulcers, decubiti, or decubitus ulcers. They begin as red, painful areas on the skin (often the legs and backside) and may turn purple or even black if undetected or untreated. In some cases, bed sores can lacerate and become infected, causing further medical problems. Bed sores are of particular concern among the aged and paralyzed, as they can lead to fatal conditions. Actor Christopher Reeve, paralyzed after an accident, succumbed to illness brought on by severe bed sores that became infected.
Avoid staying in one position for extended periods of time. If you are able, move around frequently to redistribute weight to other areas of the body. For those who cannot move, it is up to the caregiver to move his/her charge around periodically. For those who are confined to a wheelchair, one designed to recline can be helpful in making sure the immobile individual can change positions.
You need to take immediate steps to relieve pressures off the affected spot where a bed sore is developing. Keep the area clean and dry. You may also need to clean foam underlay may ease the pressure on the site. If your condition does not become serious, then you can expect that the bed sore will heal on its own.In more aggressive treatment modes, absorbent foam-like bandages are used and changed frequently. Special dressings with a water-based suspension help to cover and protect the site.
People who are bedridden, in a coma or are largely paralyzed and can't move their body are the usual victims of this condition. Bed sores can be treatable if found early, but if they are not given medical attention right away, they can become very serious and even life-threatening. The sores start out as a reddish, painful area that then becomes purple. Left alone and untreated, the skin may break out, causing infection to set in.
The best method of reducing the danger of pressure sores is to prevent them in the first place. Frequent repositioning of the body is very important special mattresses to relieve pressure on the body will provide help in preventing bed sores.Also, it is necessary to keep the body clean. Also, turning over to change the pressure points is helpful. Massages seem like a good way to improve circulation. After all, skin is the largest organ in the body. It needs care to ensure it can protect the internal organs. But, the biggest defense against the battle with sores has to be vigilance.
The skin that is constantly in contact with the bed or the chair should be examined daily, without fail. Check for sign that the skin is not getting enough circulation and do what you can to change the situation. For example, specialty wheelchair cushion can greatly reduce the pressure on the buttocks, back and arms. In bed, hospital quality mattresses can provide for ventilation of the skin by reducing pressure points.
Checking the skin regularly will enable you to catch bed sores or signs of bed sores early to avoid the problem becoming worse. Some people with mobility problems may not feel the discomfort of bed sores so a physical inspection is important.
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